Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı Şifa Pharmacy
We are pleased to introduce once again one of the most important historical values of Izmir, Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı Şifa Pharmacy to our city.
Süleyman Ferit Bey is an idealist, patriotic Turkish pharmacist who started his career as the youngest pharmacist of the Ottoman Empire. While pioneering a new era in Turkish pharmacy, he also volunteered to make significant contributions to the social and cultural life of the city.
Şifa Pharmacy carries significant messages to young pharmacist candidates, and young citizens of Izmir with its historical identity, social and professional benefits to our city and country.
We express our gratitude to the precious Eczacıbaşı Family for their support and efforts in bringing the Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı Şifa Pharmacy back to İzmir and exhibiting at our Faculty.
While we invite you to a pleasant time travel in the history of pharmacy, we once again remember Süleyman Ferit ECZACIBAŞI with mercy and gratitude.
İzmir was the most important province in terms of hospital and pharmacy of the empire after Istanbul and also the most important herbal drug trade center in the Ottoman period.
In İzmir, the first pharmacies in today’s context started to open from the 19th century, and all of the first pharmacy owners were non-Muslims.
In 1890, there were about 40 university-educated pharmacists in İzmir and all of them were of minority origin. In this period, the population of Izmir was around 500.000. Turkish Pharmacists have started to open pharmacies in Izmir since beginning of the 1900’s.
There were 50 pharmacies in İzmir in 1922. Only 4 of these belonged to the Turkish pharmacists. One of those pharmacies is the Şifa Pharmacy, which is belonged to Süleyman Ferit Bey.Süleyman Ferit Bey was born in 1886 in İkiçeşmelik District of İzmir in the street of Tuzcu Mescidi. His father is Hadji Hafız Şakir Effendi, who works as a chief weigher in İzmir Municipality, his mother is mrs. Şerife who comes from a family that migrated from Tokat.
Süleyman Ferit Bey went to Istanbul to study pharmacy after finishing primary school, ottoman junior high school and high school in Izmir. On August 19, 1903, he graduated from the Pharmacist Class of the Civil Medical School at the age of 18. He could not attend his specialization because he got his diploma before graduation age.
With the help of his lecturers, he completed his specialty at Şişli Etfal Hospital, where Ahmet Mithat Effendi served as chief physician. Then he worked for a while with the Pharmacist Hamdi Bey, the owner of the first Turkish pharmacy of our country opened in Istanbul.
His first job in Izmir was at Gureba-yı Muslimin Hospital as a hospital pharmacists. Additionally, he worked in Aristoteles Pharmacy, that is owned by a Greek pharmacist named Ilyadis in Bornova, at the same time. After one and a half years he taken up the position, head pharmacist Moiz Santo at the Gureba-yı Muslimin Hospital left his job by emigrating to Germany. Süleyman Ferit Bey was appointed to the hospital’s head of pharmacists in 1907. After Süleyman Ferit Bey appointed the head of pharmacists he paid attention to the employees were Turkish origin and cared about train young Turkish Pharmacists. Lütfü Asım, Mister Fuat and Lütfü (Krom), Hasan Derman are among the first pharmacists whom trained by him.
Süleyman Ferit Bey began working as a community pharmacist in 1909 by purchasing Pharmacie Internationale located in Tilkilik district, for 215 gold liras. Between the years of 1909-1910 he continued his duty as honorarily in Gureba-yı Müslimin Hosptital. Due to these voluntary efforts at the İzmir Memleket Hospital, Süleyman Ferit Bey was awarded the honorary ‘Eczacıbaşılık’ award of the hospital by the Provincial Council in 1909 as an expression of the city’s sense of gratitude. Süleyman Ferit Bey took this title as family surname after the surname law was enacted.
Süleyman Ferit Bey changed the name of the Pharmacy he bought from “Umumi” to “Pharmacy Kanaat” and started manufacturing pharmaceutical preparates. Süleyman Ferit Bey, who developed his business, bought Şifa Pharmacy, which was founded by pharmacist Kadizade Huseyin Rifad in Government Street in 1911, and then sold to a Greek pharmacist for 250 gold liras and quickly made it the most famous pharmacy in İzmir . Kanaat Pharmacy in the area of Tilkilik was moved to the place of Şifa Pharmacy and he continued to the production of pharmaceuticals in the area of Kanaat Pharmacy.
As a special feature of that period, physicians came to pharmacies on certain days of the week and examined the patients. In 1907, it was announced in the journals that a polyclinic at Şifa Pharmacy was opened and everyone who paid a half-majid fee had a chance to be examined by more than one physician on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays between 09.00-11.00 am. After the transfer of the administration of the Şifa Pharmacy to Suleyman Ferit Bey, this practice was carried on, well-known doctors of Izmir; Internal Medicine and Gynecology Doctor Hacı Hüseyin Zade Ethem, General Surgery Doctor Nazmi, Pediatric Doctor Bacteriologist Mehmet, Syphilis and Lumbar Cold Doctor, Eye doctor Hayri Sarım, Otolaryngologist Niyazi, Psychiatrist Hüsnü Zühtü xamined patients in Şifa Pharmacy. In addition, at that time, Şifa Pharmacy also conducted biochemical tests of patients’ blood, urine, and sputum.
Süleyman Ferit Bey started the first production of pharmaceutical preparations in the laboratory of the Kanaat Pharmacy. The first medical preparate is Ferit Force Syrup.In 1911, in a building on the First Beyler Street, he established a production center named Pharmacist Süleyman Ferit Darü’l-Istizzaratı (Pharmacist Süleyman Ferit Pharmaceutical Production House) and expanded the business of making ready-made medicines. In the declarations he gave to newspapers in 1911, Ferit Syrup has been introduced to the public.
Süleyman Ferit Bey produced Ferit Sulfato Pills, Ferit Force Syrup, Ferit Hafakan Syrup, Ferit Pin Artillery, Ferit Mushil Sugar, Katran Ferit, Salameti Ferit, Healing Fish Oil, Aspirin Ferit, Ferit Acid Boric Ointment, Ferit Kudret Hapı, Ferit Indian Oil. Afterwards, he added B-vital, Calci-Vital C, Hepa-Vital, Polivital, Poly-B, Hepamaltin, E-Vital, D-Vital, Calcivital, Panthenol, Viton and Septan preparates.
In addition to the production of pharmaceutics, Süleyman Ferit Bey produced toothpaste, tooth water, hair water, toilet and child powders and famous cologned named Golden Drop, Do not forget me, Lilac, Dalia, Magnolia, Jasmine, Summer Rain, Fujer, Lemonade and similar cosmetic preparations. The first Turkish cologne, lotion and creams he has produced have led to the industry in this area.
The Golden Drop Colagne he produced became a symbol of İzmir and almost everyone who came to İzmir bought a bottle of Golden Drop Colange as a gift to their friends. Every year on September 9, the liberation of Izmir, he created a tradition of presenting to the public as a gift by making big discounts on all products.
Süleyman Ferit Bey changed the name of his manufacturing factory to Eczacıbaşı Süleyman Ferit Manufacture and Perfumery Factory after he started manufacturing cosmetic preparations. Süleyman Ferit Bey’s Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Company is the only medicine and perfumery manufacturing facility in İzmir that started in the Ottoman period and became active in the period of Turkish Republic.
Şifa Pharmacy was also among the regions looted during the occupation of İzmir by the Greeks on 15 May 1919. After this incident, Süleyman Ferit Bey settled in Beylerbeyi to Istanbul with his family, and in 1920, he returned to İzmir and bought the sweet shop at the beside of his pharmacy and extended the Şifa Pharmacy again to the service of the people.He attended the exhibition of the Economics Congress of Turkey organized in İzmir on February 17, 1923 with his pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical preparations and win recognition. He and his wife Saffet, has seven sons in the names of Nejat (1913), Vedat (1916), Sedat (1917), Kemal (1918), Haluk (1921), Melih (1923) and Şakir. Suleyman Ferit Bey’s sons have also made an effort to continue investments in the field of pharmacy.
As a result of the efforts in 1952, the Eczacıbaşı family established Eczacıbaşı Pharmaceutical Factory, one of the most modern pharmaceutical production facilities of our country, and make a significant development of the Turkish Pharmaceutical Industry.
Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı, who serves in all aspects of the social life of Izmir and our country, has continued services for collecting in order to overwhelm the health and development problems caused by the Trablusgarp and Balkan wars. He also pioneered the opening of the Izmir Branch of the Hilal-i Ahmer Society (Kızılay). Within this context, he helped for the army in World War I by opening soup houses and produced medicine for health service in order to fight against epidemic thyphus and epidemic diseases. Süleyman Ferit was awarded with a war medal in 1917 due to these efforts.
Besides, Süleyman Ferit Bey had many schools and health facilities with his own possibilities during the Republic period. Among the schools he has built; Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı Primary School in İzmir’s Kahramanlar district, Süleyman Eczacıbaşı Primary School in Bayraklı, Şerife Eczacıbaşı Primary School in Eşrefpaşa, Hacı Şakir Eczacıbaşı Primary School in Karataş. Health facilities are Sedat Eczacıbaşı Mother and Child Health Center in Cicipark and Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı Cancer Hospital in Bornova.
On the other hand, he was one of the founders of the National Library of İzmir, head of the Izmir Chamber of Commerce, officiate as aldermanship, provincial administration and a councilor.
Süleyman Ferit ECZACIBAŞI, died on April 18, 1973. Prominent names in the era of business and political life have been gathered to bid farewell him. In his health and after his death, many praise words were spoken, feuilletons in newspapers and books were published about him. In this regard unforgettable Mayor of Izmir, Dr.Behçet Uz, former minister of health and trade said ‘Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı is one of the few rare civilized warriors’.
After his death, Şifa Pharmacy continued to function in Kemal Eczacıbaşı’s administration until 1978 and after this date it was transformed into Eczacıbaşı Perfumery Sales Center. The pharmacy, which suffered a great deal of damage in the fire on July 15, 1993, was restored in 1996, but soon it was decided to close. After 1996, it was exhibited as a museum at Lüleburgaz facilities of Eczacıbaşı Pharmaceutical Factory and moved to the exhibition area of Ege University Faculty of Pharmacy in 2009 in order to serve as a bridge between past and future generations.
E.U. Faculty of Pharmacy Süleyman Ferit Eczacıbaşı Şifa Pharmacy is open every Friday between 10.00-12.00 hours.